Nature

Phong Nha – Ke Bang national park tourists map

Area: 123,326 ha, including 03 sub-zones: strict protection area (100,296 ha); an area of ecological restoration (19,619 ha); Administrative services (3,411 ha).
The buffer zone covers an area of 219,855.34 ha in 13 communes (including Dan Hoa, Hoa Son, Trung Hoa, Thuong Hoa, Trong Hoa), Tan Trach, Thuong Trach, Xuan Trach, Phuc Trach, Son Trach, Phu Dinh, Hung Trach in Bo Trach district and Truong Son commune in Quang Ninh district.
Year of foundation: 2001, formerly known as Phong Nha Nature Reserve
UNESCO Ranking: World Natural Heritage; criteria (viii) geology, geomorphology (2003); (ix) Ecosystems and (x) Biodiversity (2015).
National ranking: Special National Monument (2009).


Geology: Karst topography occupies 2/3 of the area of ​​the park, the height of 300 – 1,100m. It is the oldest karst building in the world, showing the bold mark of the history of geological development from 400 million years ago, through four tectonic cycles: Devon, Late Devonian – Early carbon, Carbon – Permian and Mesozoic. . The highlight here is that the process of karstization has created unique structures such as phytokarst, gemstones, cone blocks, stalagmites, stone cascades, stone basins, stalactites.
Cave: Survey, 311 dynamic measurements with a total length of more than 250km; Divided into three main systems: the Phong Nha system, the arch system and the base system. Phong Nha – Ke Bang dynamic system has the world’s leading value because of keeping intact geological and geomorphic values, formed from the results of tectonic crusting the Earth long; Typical such as Phong Nha, Tien Son, Thien Duong, Son Doong and Hoa Huong.
Hydrology: 03 main rivers are Chay River, Son River and Trooc River. Water supply for these rivers is the system of rivers and streams karst poured out points in En cave, Dark cave and Phong Nha cave.
Vegetation: 15 large habitat types with 21 important vegetation types. Evergreen closed forest covers 93.5% of the area, of which over 90% is tropical forest ecosystem in the limestone mountains largest in Southeast Asia and most have not been affected.
Primary forest on limestone mountains
Plants: There are 2,951 plant species, including 39 species in Decree 32, 112 species in Vietnam Red Book 2007 and 121 species in IUCN-2011 Red List.


Animals: There are 1,394 animal species, of which 154 mammal species, 38 species listed in Decree 32-2006 / ND-CP, 26 species listed in Decree 160, 46 species listed in the Book. 55 species listed in the IUCN Red List 2016. There are some rare species such as Ha Tinh langurs, brown-shanked douc langur, black cheeked gibbons, saola, bear, ..
Cha Cha lang
New species: Phong Nha – Ke Bang is home to many new species for science in the early 21st century; 28 new species are being introduced worldwide, including 25 species of animals and 3 species of plants.
New species of spider Khorata protumida in Seven Level Cave – Phong Nha – Ke Bang National Park

People

Population of the buffer zone: 68,501 people (as of August 2015); The average population density is 19.96 people / km2
Ethnic group: In addition to the Kinh people, 83.1% of the total population, in the area there are many ethnic groups living together of two ethnic groups Chut (4.3% Muc, Ruc, A rem) and Van Kieu (accounting for 12.6%, including Van Kieu, Khua, Ma Coong, Tri).


Historical – cultural vestiges: Xuan Son ferry, Ho Chi Minh Trail, 20 Quyet Thang pass, Mu Gia pass, ATP, Tra Ang, Ca Tang, A cave, Khe Ve, , Nguyen Van Troi ferry, self-titled temple.
Hang Eight she
Festival and Traditional Culture: Ma Coong Empty Dam Festival 16 Feb (Thuong Trach), Thuong Trach Commune; Tuong singing of Kinh people in Khuong Ha (Hung Trach commune); Festival of the third month of Minh Hoa lunar calendar
Ma Coong Empty Drum Festival.